This is meant as an information resource for creative folk, not a complete guide. Be sure to supplement this with additional research. Find the rest of the series, including the previous posts on clergy, nobility, divination, spirit animals, mythical creatures, structuring an army, medieval punishments, armor, pre-gunpowder weapons, siege warfare, castle anatomy, and common terms of medieval life.
Almoner: One who collects and dispenses alms to the poor. He or she is usually employed by a wealthy or middle-class household, and it is his or her duty to gather table scraps and see them dispensed after every meal. The title can also be given to a member of the church who fulfills this position on a regular basis.
Apprentice: These were either boys or girls who were indentured to a trade between the ages of five and seven. The actual time of their servitude was worked out when they were apprenticed, but the average length was seven years, at which time they became a journeyman or journeywoman and entered a guild.
Armorer: One who made armor (steel, iron, or leather) or chain mail.
Arrow-smith: One who made arrow heads.
Avener: In charge of the stable.
Bailiff: Overseer of the manor. Same as a steward or sheriff, he could be charged with managing household affairs, or with overseeing local laws and courts.
Beekeeper: Usually a man who kept the bees and sold their honey and honeycomb.
Blacksmith: One who worked with iron or black metal.
Brewer/Brewster: Brewed ale and the like.
Burgher: A citizen of a town.
Capper: One who made caps.
Chandler: Maker of candles.
Clockmaker: The first mechanical clock of the Middle Ages appears around 1271 and portable clocks appear in the early fourteenth century.
Clothier: Maker of clothes.
Cobbler: Repaired shoes.
Cooper: Maker and repairer of wooden vessels such as barrels, baskets, tubs, pails, etc.
Constable: Chief military officer of the household. In the absence of the lord or king, he would lead forces to protect the castle or country.
Confectioner: Maker of sweets.
Cordwainer: A shoemaker.
Cutler: A knife-maker.